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海绵城市:一条光明的中国特色城市发展之路
2019-10-31 18:17:41来源:中国建设报    作者:刘宏伟


源于1928年设立的市政工程系,1977年建立我国第一个环境工程专业,1984年成立环境工程系,1988年被评为我国唯一的环境工程重点学科。2001年和2007年两次蝉联环境工程国家重点学科,2009年和2013年两次在教育部学科评估中获得环境科学与工程一级学科第一名。建立了“环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室”、“联合国环境规划署巴塞尔公约亚太地区协调中心”等高水平的开放式研究机构,为国家重大环境问题的解决和可持续发展战略的实施提供了技术服务、理论支持和决策支撑,成为我国重要的环境保护高层次人才培养基地和高水平科学研究中心……如此显赫的“身世”,相信不用百度、谷歌,很多人也能一语道破其身份——清华大学环境学院!今天亮相《中国海绵城市》“海绵智库”的大咖,便是来自该院的长期以城市水环境系统模拟与优化作为教学和科研的主攻方向的长聘教授、住房和城乡建设部海绵城市建设技术指导专家委员会委员——贾海峰

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贾海峰,男,清华大学环境学院环境系统分析教研所长聘教授,住房和城乡建设部海绵城市建设技术指导专家委员会委员。美国水资源工程师研究院(American Academy of Water Resources Engineers,AAWRE)认证的资深水资源工程师(Diplomate,Water Resources Engineer),城市排水国际水利与环境工程学会/国际水协联合委员会(IAHR/IWA Joint Committee on Urban Drainage,简称IWA/IAHR JCUD)专家委员会委员。重点研究领域有城市水环境规划与管理、城市径流控制与河流修复、环境模拟模型、海绵城市、3S技术应用研究等。


1.刘宏伟:党的十九大报告指出:建设生态文明是中华民族永续发展的千年大计。您如何理解和看待海绵城市建设对于我国生态文明建设的作用和价值?

●贾海峰:

WOGUOJINGGUO40NIANDEKUAISUJINGJIFAZHANHECHENGSHIHUAJINCHENG,QUDELEJUSHIZHUMUDECHENGJIU,XIANZAIYIJINGSHIJINCIYUMEIGUODESHIJIEDIERDAJINGJITILE。BUGUOZAIKUAISUCHENGSHIHUA、KUAISUJINGJIFAZHANDETONGSHI,WOGUOYEKAISHIMIANDUIZIYUANYUESHUQUJIN、HUANJINGWURANYANZHONG、SHENGTAIXITONGTUIHUADEYANJUNXINGSHI。ZAIZHEIZHONGBEIJINGXIA,JIEJIANXIFANGFADAGUOJIAZAIHUANJINGBAOHUYUSHEHUIFAZHANJINCHENGZHONGQUDEDEJINGYANHEJIAOXUN,TUIDONGSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEJIUCHENGWEIWOGUOSHEHUIFAZHANDEBIRANXUANZE。SHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEHEXINJIUSHIBIXUSHULIZUNZHONGZIRAN、SHUNYINGZIRAN、BAOHUZIRANDELINIAN,ZOUKECHIXUFAZHANDAOLU,JIUSHIBUJIHOURENLIUXIAYIHANERSHILIUXIAGENGDUODESHENGTAIZICHAN。

HAIMIANCHENGSHISHIXINXINGCHENGSHIJIANSHEHEGUANLIDELINIAN,TAQIANGDIAOCHONGFENLIYONGZIRANSHENGTAIXITONGDESHENGTAIGONGNENG,BAOHU、XIUFUHEWEIXIBAOKUOCHENGSHICAODI、LINDI、HEHUXITONGDENGZAINEIDECHENGSHIZONGHESHENGTAIXITONG,TISHENGSHENGTAIXITONGDEFUWUJIAZHI。QISHIZHIJIUSHITONGGUOJIAQIANGCHENGSHIGUIHUAJIANSHEGUANLI,CHONGFENFAHUICHENGSHIZHONGBAOKUOJIANZHU、DAOLU、LVDI、HEHUSHUIXIDENGZAINEIDEGEZHONGCHENGSHIYUANSUDUIJIANGYUJINGLIUDEXINA、XUSHEN、JINGHUAHEHUANSHIZUOYONG,SHIXIANJIANGYUJINGLIUDEZIRANJICUN、ZIRANSHENTOU、ZIRANJINGHUA。HAIMIANCHENGSHIYEBUZHISHIYINGDUINEILAO、WURANDENGJIANGYUJINGLIUWENTI,TONGGUOJIANKANGSHUIXUNHUANDEJIANLI、SHENGTAIXITONGDEXIUFUHESHENGTAIGONGNENGDEFAHUI,HAIYOUZHUYUHUANJIECHENGSHIREDAOXIAOYING、DAQIWURAN、WENSHIQITIPAIFANGDENGZUOYONG。YINCITONGGUOHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEDEYOUXU、JIANKANGTUIJIN,KEYIXIUFUCHENGSHISHUISHENGTAI、HANYANGSHUIZIYUAN,ZENGQIANGCHENGSHIFANGLAONENGLI,KUODAGONGGONGCHANPINYOUXIAOTOUZI,TIGAOXINXINGCHENGZHENHUAZHILIANG,CUJINRENYUZIRANHEXIEFAZHAN。YOUCIKEYIKANCHU,HAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHESHIWOGUOSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHITIXIANCHENGSHISHENGTAIWENMINGLINIAN、TISHENGCHENGSHISHENGTAIFUWUJIAZHIDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。

2.刘宏伟:您最早从何时开始接触“海绵城市”概念并开展理论研究的?最近的课题成果主要有哪些?何时从项目层面开始具体实践这一理念,参与建设的试点和项目有多少?

●贾海峰:

“HAIMIANCHENGSHI”SHIWOGUOJINNIANLAITICHUBINGFAZHANZHUANGDADEGAINIAN,TAJIJICHENGLEWOGUOGUDAICHENGZHENJIANSHEDEREN、SHUI、CHENGHEXIETONGYIDEJINGSUIHEZHIHUI,YEJIEJIANLEOUMEIFADAGUOJIAXIANDAICHENGSHIYUSHUIGUANLIDELINIANHEFANGFA,BIRUMEIGUODEZUIJIAGUANLISHIJIAN(BMPs)、DIYINGXIANGKAIFA(LID),YINGGUODEKECHIXUPAISHUIXITONG(SUDS),AODALIYADESHUIMINGANXINGSHEJI(WSUD)DENG。WOZAIQINGHUADAXUECONGJIAOYILAI,YIZHIYICHENGSHISHUIHUANJINGXITONGMONIYUYOUHUAZUOWEIJIAOXUEHEKEYANDEZHUGONGFANGXIANG。ZAIJIAOXUEHEKEYANZHONG,YEFEICHANGZHUZHONGYUGUONEIWAIZHUANJIAXUEZHEDEHEZUO,XUEXIGEFANGMIANXIANJINDEJINGYANHESHIBAIDEJIAOXUN。ZAOQI,WOMENDUICHENGSHISHUIHUANJINGDEYANJIUHAISHIPIANZHONGYUHELIUSHUITIYIJICHENGSHI、GONGYEWUSHUIPAIFANGKONGZHI,NEISHIHOUCHENGSHIJIANGYUJINGLIUKONGZHIHAIBUSHIZHUYAOMAODUN。2000NIANYIHOU,SUIZHEWOGUOKUAISUDECHENGSHIHUAJINCHENG,QUESHUI、NEILAO、WURAN、SHENGTAITUIHUADENGGEZHONGGEYANGDECHENGSHIBINGZHUJIANXIANXIAN,ZAIJIASHANGCHENGSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGDENGDIANYUANKONGZHIDEZHUBUPUJI,JIANGYUJINGLIUKONGZHIDEZHONGYAOXINGZHUJIANXIANXIANCHULAI,WOYEZHUJIANKAISHIYANJIUCHENGSHIJIANGYUJINGLIUKONGZHIFANGMIANDEJISHUHEGUANLIWENTI。WOYU2005NIANHEZUOFANYICHUBANLERIBENXUEZHEDEZHUZUO《BAYUSHUIDAIHUIJIA——YUSHUISHOUJILIYONGJISHUHESHILI》,CHENGWEIWOGUOBIJIAOZAODEGUANYUYUSHUISHOUJILIYONGDETUSHU,DANGNIANHAIHUODELEDIERJIEBEIJINGSHIYOUXIUKEPUZUOPINZUIJIAJIANG。GAILINGYUDEYANJIUZAIYAOQINGMEIGUOFUJINIYADAXUEYUXIAOLEIJIAOSHOULAIQINGHUADAXUEKAIZHANCHENGSHIJIANGYUJINGLIUKONGZHILIANHEJIAOXUEKEYANYIHOU,ZHUBUCHENGWEIWOGERENJIKETIZUDEHEXINYANJIUFANGXIANG,ZAIGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJIN、SHUIZHUANXIANGYIJIBEIJING、FOSHAN、SUZHOUDENGDIFANGZHENGFUDEZHICHIXIA,KAIZHANLESHIYONGLID-BMPsJISHUDEDUOMUBIAOSHAIXUAN、LID-BMPsYOUHUABUJUGUIHUA、HAIMIANYUANTOUSHESHIJIANSHESHIFANHEJIXIAOPINGGU、HAIMIANCHENGSHISHESHISHUJUKUKAIFA、CHENGSHISHUIHUANJINGXITONGMONIYUYOUHUA、CHENGSHIHELIUSHUIHUANJINGXIUFUDENGFANGMIANDEYANJIUGONGZUO,FABIAOLEDUOPIANYINGWENSCILUNWEN,DEDAOGUONEIWAIZHUANJIAXUEZHEDERENKE。ZAIWOGUO2015NIANTUIDONGHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEZHIHOU,ZHEIFANGMIANDEYANJIUXUQIUGENGDA、YAOQIUDESHENDUHELUODIXINGGENGQIANG。BUGUOYOUYUQINGHUADAXUEHAISHIYIJIAOXUEHEKEYANWEIZHU,KETIZUBINGMEIYOUGUODUODIJUTICHENGDANHAIMIANCHENGSHISHIDIANJIANSHEDESHIJIGONGZUO,GENGDUOSHIZAIGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJIN、GUOJIASHUIZHUANXIANG、GUOJIHEZUOYANJIUDEZIZHUXIAKAIZHANHAIMIANCHENGSHIXIANGGUANDELILUN、JISHU、FANGFADEYINGYONGJICHUYANJIUGONGZUO,BINGQIECONGZHUANYESHANGWEIGUOJIAHEDIFANGZHENGFUTIGONGZIXUN,WEISHIDIANCHENGSHIDEJUTIJIANSHETIGONGLISUONENGJIDEBANGZHU。

3.刘宏伟:国内从2015年4月开始正式推行由中央财政支持的海绵城市建设试点,作为住房和城乡建设部海绵城市建设技术指导专家委员会委员之一,这些年您考察过多少试点及项目,如何看待海绵城市建设试点工作?

●贾海峰:

2015NIAN,WOYOUXINGRUXUANCHENGWEI“ZHUFANGHECHENGXIANGJIANSHEBUHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEJISHUZHIDAOZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUI”WEIYUAN。ZHEIXIENIANLAITONGGUOZHUFANGHECHENGXIANGJIANSHEBUZUZHIDEXIANCHANGJIANCHADUDAO、DIFANGJISHUFANGANDEPINGSHEN、ZIXUNDENGFANGSHIZOUFANGGUODADUOSHUGUOJIASHIDIANCHENGSHI,YEQUGUOYIXIESHENGDESHIDIANCHENGSHI,YOUXIECHENGSHIHAIQULEDUOCI,ZHONGDIANKAOCHALEBUTONGCHENGSHIHESHIDIANQUDEHAIMIANCHENGSHIZHUANXIANGGUIHUAHUOXITONGHUAFANGAN、HAIMIANCHENGSHIYUANTOULVSEJICHUSHESHIDEJIANSHE、SHIDIANQUHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEJIXIAOPINGJIAYIJIXIANGGUANGUIHUA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、YUNXINGWEIHUDENGDEGUIFAN、BIAOZHUNDENG,CONGZHONGYEXUEDAOLEHENDUODONGXI,FAXIANLEGESHIGEYANGDELIANGDIAN,DANGRANYEFAXIANLEBUSHAOWENTI,BAOKUOGUIHUASHEJIDEWENTI、SHESHIXUANYONGDEWENTI、SHIGONGDEWENTI、GUANLIDEWENTIDENG,ZHEIXIEWENTIYEWEIWOMENXIAYIBUDEYANJIUGONGZUOTIGONGLEFANGXIANG。

ZONGTIERYAN,HAIMIANCHENGSHICONGTICHUDAOSHIDIANJIANSHESHIJIAN,JINGGUOZHEIXIENIANDEXUANCHUANJIAOYUHEGONGCHENGSHIJIANXIAOGUODEZHUJIANTIXIAN,RENMENDUIHAIMIANCHENGSHIDERENSHIYOULEHENDADEBIANHUA。JIUWOZAIXINGYEZHONGDEQIESHENTIHUIERYAN,ZAI2013NIAN、2014NIANHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHESHIDIANQIANQI,HENDUOMINZHONGSHENZHIBUSHAOYENEIZHUANJIA、LINGDAODOUDUIHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEBULIJIE,RENWEIMEIBIYAO、MEIYONGTU、WUFALUODIHECHIXUSHISHIDENG,XIANZAIHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEDELINIANYIJINGSHENRURENXIN,SUIRANHAICUNZAIBUSHAOGUIHUASHEJI、SHIGONG、GUANLIDENGJUTIWENTI,DANJIHUDOURENKELEHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHELINIANDEZHENGQUEXING,RENKELEJIXUZUOHAOHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEDEBIYAOXING!WOGERENRENWEI,HAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHESHIDIANGONGZUOQUDELEZHONGDACHENGXIAO,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAI:TONGGUODUOCENGCIDEXUANCHUANJIAOYUHEXIANCHANGXIAOGUODETIXIAN,HAIMIANCHENGSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGCHENGSHIJIANSHEHEGUANLIDELINIAN,YIJINGSHENRURENXIN;WOGUOBUTONGDESHIDIANCHENGSHIGENJUGEZIDESHEHUIJINGJIHEZIRANTEDIAN,MOSUOLEYITIAOGEZICEZHONGDIANYOUSUOBUTONGDEHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEHEGUANLIMOSHI;JIYUGEDISHIJIANDECHENGGUO,WOMENXITONGSHULILETONGCHENGSHIJIANSHEHEGUANLIXIANGGUANDEGUOJIAHEDIFANGGUIHUA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、YUNXINGWEIHUDEBIAOZHUN、GUIFAN、TUJIHEDAOZE,ZHAOCHULEQIZHONGYUHAIMIANCHENGSHILINIANBUYIZHIDENEIRONG,ZAICIJICHUSHANGCHUTAIHEGENGXINLETONGHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEXIANGGUANDEYIPIBIAOZHUN、GUIFAN、TUJIHEDAOZE,WEIGUIFANWOGUOJINHOUDEHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEDIANDINGLEJICHU。

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